Our Criminal Defense FAQs

If you were charged with a crime, your mind may be racing with questions about your rights, options, and future. Find the answers you need. Browse our FAQs section for answers to common criminal defense queries.

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  • I've been charged with shoplifting. Could I benefit from a pretrial intervention program?

    Yes. If this is your first time being charged with a crime—or you've been previously charged and convicted of certain misdemeanor offenses—a pretrial intervention program could minimize the damage a shoplifting charge or conviction could have on your future.

    pre-trial intervention program for shoplifting charges in GAIn Georgia, the Pretrial Intervention Program (PTI), which is also known as the Pretrial Diversion Program, allows you to avoid going to trial in exchange for paying fines, doing community service, and meeting other conditions.

    If you complete the diversion program successfully, the shoplifting charges are dropped and won't appear on your record—although it will still show up in searches conducted by law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and judges. You won't have to worry about the cost and pitfalls of a trial, or having to explain a criminal record during a job interview.

    While completing a PTI can be extremely beneficial if you're facing charges for shoplifting, most criminal defendants don't know about them—and most prosecutors aren't going to tell them. You need a knowledgeable, experienced, and trial-savvy criminal defense attorney to review your case, determine if you're eligible for a pretrial program, and then help you apply to participate in one.

    A skilled defense attorney can also help you understand and comply with the terms of your program. This is absolutely vital to your case, as failure to successfully complete a diversion program gives the prosecutor a green light to move forward with the original charges against you.

    Consult Our Experienced Criminal Defense Attorney

    Made a mistake or found yourself in the wrong place at the wrong time? A shoplifting charge shouldn't have to destroy your future. Participating in a pretrial program may be the best way to mitigate potential consequences of this unfortunate incident. Contact Rechtman & Spevak today to schedule an appointment for a private consultation to discuss your case with our top-notch defense lawyer, Dantel D. Ruiz.


  • What consequences could I face if I'm convicted of a domestic violence charge in Georgia?

    GA domestic violence penaltiesFamily violence crimes are considered serious offenses in the Peach State. As a result, if you're charged with committing certain criminal acts against protected family or household members, you could face significant, wide-ranging, and long-lasting consequences upon conviction.

    In Georgia, crimes like simple battery, battery, simple assault, assault, stalking, criminal trespass, unlawful restraint, and other felonies can be charged as domestic violence offenses when committed between:

    • Current or former spouses
    • Parents and children
    • Parents who share a child
    • Stepparents and stepchildren
    • Foster parents and foster children
    • Other current or former household members

    Penalties for Georgia domestic violence convictions may include:

    • Fines of up to several thousand dollars, depending on whether it's a first or subsequent offense
    • Jail time of one year for an initial offense, or up to five years in prison for subsequent offenses, which are considered felonies

    You could also face:

    • Loss of parental rights. A domestic violence conviction could count against you in a future custody proceeding, or result in your parenting time being reduced or supervised.
    • Employment issues. Having a domestic violence conviction on your record can severely limit your future employment opportunities.
    • Loss of gun rights. Under federal law, a domestic violence conviction may prohibit you from shipping, transporting, possessing, or receiving firearms or ammunition.

    Being convicted of a family violence charge can negatively impact nearly every aspect of your personal and professional life. Additionally, criminal penalties for domestic violence convictions are often much harsher than those imposed in cases where similar crimes were committed by individuals who didn't have a familial or domestic relationship with the victim. Even worse, the collateral consequences of a family violence conviction can continue to haunt you long after your sentence is complete. Fortunately, a strong criminal defense can help protect your future.

    Schedule a Consultation

    There's far too much at stake to go it alone. Contact Rechtman & Spevak today to schedule an appointment for a private consultation with our experienced criminal defense attorney, Dantel D. Ruiz.


  • I've been charged with a misdemeanor. How can you help me?

    Criminal defense lawyers for misdemeanors in GeorgiaMisdemeanors won't send you to prison, but they can still lead to significant consequences such as fines, jail time, and stringent probation requirements.

    When you're facing misdemeanor charges in Georgia, you need a knowledgeable and experienced criminal defense attorney who has a strong grasp of the relevant legal statutes, as well as a keen understanding of jurisdictional “unwritten rules” such as knowing which prosecutors are most amenable to plea agreements,
    and which judges allow work release or weekend jail.

    There's a lot a skilled attorney can do for you. In short, defense attorneys examine cases to identify unique elements; develop and present strong arguments against conviction; and help clients navigate the criminal justice system. They also present mitigating information to reduce fines, jail time, and other penalties in case of conviction.

    Here are just a few of the many things our adept Atlanta defense attorney can do when you hire Rechtman & Spevak to represent you:

    • Investigate the case, including gathering evidence and interviewing witnesses
    • Assess the prosecutor's case against you
    • Review your criminal history (if any), and work to understand your personal situation and goals for the case
    • Assess the potential sentences you're facing
    • Explore your eligibility for special courts or sentencing programs
    • Review police reports, as well as dash cam and body cam videos
    • Review search and seizure procedures
    • Question the way your arrest was made
    • Challenge the evidence chain of custody or reliability of a breathalyzer test (older models may have higher fail rates)
    • Negotiate reduced charges or a plea deal
    • Negotiate reduced bail and more reasonable release conditions
    • Negotiate reduced sentences

    Consult a Seasoned Atlanta Criminal Defense Attorney

    If you're facing probation, fines, or jail time, you need an attorney who's familiar with Georgia's criminal statutes and court process to advocate for you each and every step of the way. Fortunately, you've come to the right firm. Contact Rechtman & Spevak today to schedule an appointment for a private consultation to find out what we can do for you and your case.


  • What is Georgia's marijuana-specific first offender statute and how might it apply to my misdemeanor drug possession case?

    GA first offender statute for marijuanaThe Georgia First Offenders Act (FOA) allows individuals charged with certain crimes to plead guilty or no contest, and have the offense removed from their official criminal record after they've successfully completed their sentence. Sentences in these cases may include probation, fees, jail time, or a combination thereof. If you've never been convicted of a felony in any state or sentenced as a first offender, you may be eligible for sentencing under the FOA.

    Additionally, if you're a first-time offender who's charged with possession of less than an ounce of marijuana, you may qualify for a conditional discharge. Like sentencing under the FOA, a conditional discharge makes it possible for your charges to be dismissed once you've completed your sentence—which in this case may include probation, fines, community service, drug screenings, and risk reduction courses.

    However, inclusion in Georgia's alternative plea and sentencing programs isn't automatic. You need a skilled Atlanta defense attorney to:

    • Convince the judge that you qualify.
    • Determine whether you should ask to be sentenced as a first offender or request a conditional discharge.
    • Help ensure that you understand the terms and conditions of your sentence.

    Requests for FOA sentencing or conditional discharge are made early in the case process—before you enter a plea—and granted at the judge's discretion. Denials can't be appealed. Having a knowledgeable attorney with a firm grasp of the relevant laws and the specific facts of your case is absolutely essential.

    A capable defense attorney can also help make sure that you don't waste your opportunity for FOA sentencing on a misdemeanor drug crime when asking for conditional discharge may be more appropriate and beneficial. They can also advise you on how to comply with the terms of your sentence to avoid the risk of having your alternative plea revoked.

    Consult an Experienced Georgia Criminal Defense Attorney

    Find out how Rechtman & Spevak's seasoned criminal defense attorney, Dantel D. Ruiz, can help your case. Contact us today to schedule a consultation.